• Pike, Ian

    Titles

    Associate Scientist, CFRI
    Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia
    Director, BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit (BCIRPU)
    Co-Executive Director, The Community Against Preventable Injuries
    Principal Investigator, CIHR Team in Child and Youth Injury Prevention
    AUTO21 Network Researcher

    Degrees / Designations
    BSPE, M.Sc., PhD
    Primary Area of Research
    Developmental Neurosciences & Child Health
    Secondary Area(s) of Research
    Injury Prevention
    Phone
    604-875-3425
    Fax
    604-875-3569
    Lab Phone
    604-875-3776
    Assistant
    Dian Lee
    Assistant Phone
    604-875-3776
    Mailing Address
    BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit
    BC Children's Hospital
    Room F505, 4480 Oak Street
    Vancouver, BC V6H 3V4
    Affiliate Websites
    Research Areas
    • Child and Youth injury prevention
    • The Development of Injury Indicators for Canadian Children and Youth
    • The Development of Injury Indicators for First Nations and Inuit Children and Youth
    • Child passenger and pedestrian safety
    • Risky Play and health child development
    • Social Marketing to Prevent Injury
    • Injury prevention cost benefit
    • Worksite health promotion
    Summary

    Injury is the leading cause of death and disability among Canadians and kills more children and young people than all other causes combined. The cost of injury is tremendous, estimated at some $19.6 billion annually in Canada. Injury prevention offers one of the most promising ways of reducing deaths, hospitalizations and related health care costs.

    Injury often takes a back seat to less serious health concerns, because people believe that injuries are "accidents" or "fate," – an inevitable part of life –
    and can neither be predicted nor prevented. Most injuries, however, have distinct patterns and are, therefore, predictable and preventable. Where good prevention efforts have been introduced, there have been significant reductions in disability and loss of life, such as with mandatory seat belt and child passenger restraint laws.

    BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit (BCIRPU) conducts a comprehensive program of injury surveillance and research that contributes to improved understanding and prevention of injury. BCIRPU is a leader in the development of evidence-based prevention strategies, and has a solid reputation among the provincial, national and international injury prevention communities.

    Current Projects
    BCIRPU’s research agenda is organized under four areas: surveillance, research, education and knowledge transfer, and public information.

    SURVEILLANCE
    Project example: Making BC Injury Data available and accessible online

    Until recently, injury data was the purview of select injury epidemiologists and analysts. Injury prevention and public health practitioners had little direct data in order to understand the causes of injury death, hospitalization and emergency room visits. Further, many of the important questions related to the circumstances of injury - What was the person doing when the injury happened?  What went wrong?  Where did it happen? What are the social circumstances in which the person lives? - were unknown. The Injury Data On-Line Tool (iDOT) is an interactive resource allowing users to ask specific questions of injury data though a series of selectable menus, and to produce customized tables, charts and maps to display trends, patterns and detailed injury information.

    RESEARCH
    Example: Developing Injury Indicators for Canadian Children and Youth, and First Nations & Inuit Children and Youth

    A multidisciplinary, cross-pillar research team has identified 34 national injury indicators for children and youth. Current research is focused on demonstrating the utility of a sub-set of policy indicators. Future grant applications will allow for the validation and uptake of the remaining indicators, as well as the development of a web-based portal and indicators dashboard. Two important extensions of this project has been: 1) the development of 27 injury indicators for First Nations and Inuit children and youth, and 2) the start of the development of a deprivation index in order to examine the relationship between injury and the social circumstances in which children and youth live.

    Example: Safe Play Spaces - Risky Play and Healthy Child Development
    The design of safe playgrounds and play spaces is an important consideration that must be balanced with healthy child development that includes exposure to and management of risk by the child. Some authors have gone so far as to characterize today’s play spaces as so safe that they lead to a ‘risk deficit disorder’ and that it is time to reintroduce risk exposure as a necessary element of child play. For many injury prevention professionals, whose effort is to prevent all injuries, this is challenging and creates considerable concern. The question at hand is whether play spaces can be designed to include ‘healthy risk exposure’ while ensuring the prevention of serious injuries. Can we design play spaces to be as safe as necessary, not as safe as possible?

    EDUCATION & KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER
    Example: The Development of a Web Portal and Injury Indicator Dashboard to Translate Knowledge to Injury Prevention Policy and Practice
    A dashboard is defined as a graphical user interface that organizes and presents information in a format that is easy to read and interpret. In its simplest form, the child and youth injury indicator dashboard is a visual representation designed to provide salient information and to assess different aspects of the performance of the child and youth injury prevention system in Canada, allowing practitioners, policy makers and researchers to make timely decisions with regard to child and youth injury prevention improvements, and to assess and monitor those decisions over time. The dashboard will be developed as part of a child and youth injury web portal providing links to child and youth injury prevention evidence and tools.

    Example: Social Marketing to Prevent Injury
    A strategic alliance with The Community Against Preventable Injuries has been developed to develop and implement social marketing campaigns to prevent serious injury in BC. This project’s initial objectives are to: 1) establish an overall injury prevention "brand" in BC; 2) engage multiple partners with emphasis on private sector leadership; 3) establish a critical mass necessary to transform societal attitudes and behaviors; and, 4) strategic implementation of campaigns to align with other injury prevention initiatives in BC.

    PUBLIC INFORMATION
    Example: BCIRPU Website 

    Public communication strategies are used to inform and educate, convey issues or results, or prepare the public for future initiatives that require commitment and action. The BCIRPU website is designed to take advantage of technology and proven communications strategies for injury prevention messages. The website contains materials such as reports, fact sheets, tools and other resources, for use by researchers, professionals, practitioners, members of the media and the public. It includes an interactive surveillance data program and the BC injury atlas.

    Selected Publications

    Desapriya E, Fujiwara T, Verma P, Babul S, Pike I. Comparison of on-reserve road versus off-reserve road motor vehicle crashes in Saskatchewan, Canada: a case control study. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2011 Nov;23(6):1005-20. Epub 2010 May 10. PMID: 20460293

    Desapriya E, Samayawardhena L, Somasiri A, Pike I. Child occupants and side-impact crashes: commentary. J Emerg Nurs. 2011 Jul;37(4):391-3; author reply 425. Epub 2011 May 26. Review. PMID: 21620458

    Mann B, Desapriya E, Fujiwara T, Pike I. Is blood alcohol level a good predictor for injury severity outcomes in motor vehicle crash victims? Emerg Med Int. 2011;2011:616323. Epub 2011 Sep 14. PMID: 22046541

    Desapriya E, Fujiwara T, Namrata D, Arason N, Pike I. Impact of the 1994 alcohol production and sales deregulation policy on traffic crashes and fatalities in Japan. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 2011. DOI: 10.1177/1010539511404398. PMID: 21527435

    Scime G, Babul S, Pike I. (2011). Child Death Review Unit 2008 Report on Child Mortality Data Analysis. A report prepared by the BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit for the Child Death Review Unit, BC Coroners Service, BC Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General. Vancouver, BC.

    Desapriya E, Scime G, Cripton P, Babul S, Takeo F, Subzwari S, Pike I.: Child restraint seats: Use, Misuse and Strategies for Improved Action. In: Frank Columbus, editor. New York: Nova Science Publishers. 2009

    Subzwari S, Desapriya E, Babul S, Pike I, Turcotte K, Rajabali F, Kinney J.: Vision screening of older drivers for preventing road traffic injuries and fatalities. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009, Jan 21. Iss 1. Art No: CD006252. PMID: 21412894

    Desapriya E, Subzwari S, Scime G, Pike I.: Expedited Cataract Surgery and Older Driver Motor Vehicle Crash Prevention. In: Bartley GP, ed. Traffic Accidents: Causes and Outcomes. Nova Science Publishers. New York; 2008. Ch 7.p177-200.

    Subzwari S, Desapriya E, Scime G, Babul S, Jivani K, Pike I.: Effectiveness of cataract surgery in reducing driving-related difficulties: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Injury Prev. 2008 Oct;14(5):324-8. PMID: 18836050

    Blair J, Perdios A, Babul S, Young K, Beckles J, Pike I, Cripton P, Sasges D, Mulpuri K, Desapriya E.: The appropriate and inappropriate use of child restraint seats in Manitoba. Int J Injury Cont Safe Promo. 2008 Sept;15(3):151–156. PMID: 18821379

    Desapriya E, Fujiwara T, Babul S, Scime G, Pike I.: Compulsory child restraint seat law and motor vehicle child occupant deaths and injuries in Japan 1994-2005. Int J Injury Contr Safe Promo. 2008 Jul-Sept;15(2):93-97. PMID: 18642166

    Desapriya E, Subzwari S, Fujiwara T, Pike I.: Conventional vision screening tests and older driver motor vehicle crash prevention. Int J Injury Contr Safe Promo. 2008 Apr-Jun;15(2):124-6. PMID: 18642171

    Grants
    Honours & Awards

    BCRICWH Investigatorship Award, Child and Family Research Institute (2004 - present)

     

    CFRI Special Salary Award, Child and Family Research Institute (2008 - present)

    Research Group Members

    Dr. Shelina Babul – Associate Director
    Dr. Mariana Brussoni – Research Scientist
    Dr. Vicky Scott – Special Advisor: Falls Prevention 
    Dr. Edi Desapriya – Research Associate
    Fahra Rajabali – Researcher
    Kate Turcotte – Researcher
    Aybaniz Ibrahimova – Researcher
    Shannon Piedt – Research Co-ordinator
    Dian Lee – Research Assistant 
    Takuro Ishikawa – Research Assistant
    Alberta Girardi – Research Assistant
    Atousa Zargaran – Research Assistant
    Yasmin Yassin – Research Assistant
    Mhairi Nolan – CHIRPP coordinator